Europe seeks to send thousands of Iraqi refugees back to their country, especially after Iraq announced in 2017 the defeat of Daesh organization, giving the EU an opportunity to discuss the issue with the Iraqi government.
The European Commission proposed on 8 January 2018 to discuss with the Iraqi government on the deportation of irregular Iraqi migrants, as well as the deportation of individuals whose applications were never accepted.
In February 2018 the German government announced its intention to open consulting offices in Baghdad and Kurdistan; to repatriate 10,000 Iraqi refugees.
Iraqi refugees are among the largest refugee groups in Germany and are mainly concentrated in Bavaria, Baden and North Rhine.
Europe has many motives for driving Iraqi refugees away to their country, the most prominent is the end of the war against Daesh.
The terrorist threats of some refugees, who have been deported, are crucial motive. Although a report by the Danish Institute for International Studies indicated that refugees – whose applications were accepted – were not involved in any terrorist acts in Europe between January 2016 and April 2017, this was not enough at all to reduce fears about refugees, especially with the commission of crimes against society.
Debating Europe newspaper mentioned to European surveys, reveals a belief among most Europeans that the increase in the proportion of refugees in their countries lead to an increase in terrorist operations.
Cases of murder, abuse, sexual harassment and rape carried out by some refugees against the citizens of Europe, were justifications for right-extremist to escalate its campaigns against the traditional European governments to take deportation measures against refugees, especially those who refuse applications for asylum.
On 19 October 2017, an Afghan asylum-seeker was sentenced to 11 years in prison for rape of a girl. This type of incident contributes to increase the European anger.
The number of refugees in Europe has put pressure on the labor market, especially as refugees provide their services with a lower price than the market rate, which has led to an increase in the unemployment rates in some countries.
The rise of the far right has played an important role in increasing the likelihood of Iraqi refugees being deported.
Some right parties also fear that Europe could be transformed into a Muslim continent by refugees, especially with the emergence of the idea of “resettlement of refugees” in Europe, advocated by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR).