Ukraine is among the countries most prepared and alert to face security threats. It relies on international support, regional and international alliances to achieve these efforts and enhance security. Kyiv closely cooperates with its European and American allies, focusing on developing its relations with neighboring countries to improve security and defense cooperation.
Despite the security challenges it faces, Ukraine is working diligently to improve security and stability in the country. It seeks to overcome the difficulties it encounters and enhance its defense and military capabilities.
In the context of the ongoing war with Russia, Ukraine has resorted to new strategies in dealing with the situation on the ground. The latest of these strategies is the use of individual operations aimed at infiltrating Russian territory and carrying out targeted strikes.
Kyiv is launching counter-attacks after 15 months of intense clashes on its territory. It attempts to attack certain Russian areas, especially the border region of Belgorod.
However, Russian defenses have managed to repel these strikes, relying on air power, artillery, and moving defensive units from the Western Military District to these border areas in order to counter what Moscow calls Ukrainian nationalist organizations.
Although this infiltration into Russian territory is the most dangerous since the adoption of this strategy, prompting Russia to close the border area and evacuate towns subjected to intense bombardment, Kyiv denies any involvement, participation, or even planning of such an operation. This comes at a time when two groups of fighters opposing Russian President Vladimir Putin’s military vision have emerged.
A new military tactic
Kyiv seeks to enhance its military plans by resorting to surprise attacks in strategic Russian regions. However, Ukraine faces several challenges in confronting Russia militarily, including:
The conflict in eastern Ukraine: The armed conflict in eastern Ukraine is one of the country’s most significant security challenges. The clashes between the Ukrainian army and the Russian forces in the Donetsk and Luhansk regions escalate. Ukraine is working to enhance its military and defense capabilities to confront this challenge and seeks a political solution through dialogue with the relevant parties.
Russian intervention: Russian interference in Ukrainian affairs poses a significant challenge. Ukraine accuses Russia of providing financial, logistical, and military support to pro-Russian armed groups in the east of the country, in addition to border violations and military provocations. Ukraine is working to strengthen international relations and build security alliances to confront this challenge while maintaining good relations with neighboring countries to enhance security and defense cooperation.
Uneven military capabilities: Ukraine faces challenges in enhancing and modernizing its military capabilities to counter security threats. The country suffers from varying capabilities across different sectors of the Ukrainian army and a lack of modern weapons and equipment. Ukraine is working on army modernization and improving military capabilities to achieve high readiness to face any threats.
Economy: The economic situation poses the greatest challenge for Ukraine in confronting Russia. The country suffers from economic deterioration, political instability, and the economic blockade imposed by Russia. Ukraine is working to improve the economic situation, enhance political stability, achieve sustainable development, and strengthen the ability to face security challenges. Efforts in this regard include implementing economic reforms, attracting foreign investments, improving business conditions, and enhancing trade relations with European and international countries.
Delay in Communications and Technology: Ukraine’s lag in the field of communications and technology poses a significant challenge in facing Russia. The country suffers from a lack of infrastructure in communications and technology and a delay in adopting modern technologies. This impacts the ability to move and respond quickly to security threats. Ukraine is working to enhance its communications infrastructure and update technologies to improve its capacity to respond to security challenges. It is also focusing on research and development in this field and relies on international partnerships and technological alliances to strengthen its capabilities in this area.