Review and discussion: Mustafa Hamza
The Wafa Foundation, that advocates Daesh organization, has re-published a book on the recruitment of Egyptian women to the organization by comparing Umm Nusseibeh, nicknamed Nada al-Khalifah, with the status of women in five political stages. Beginning with the fall of the Ottoman Caliphate in 1924 , to the end of the current phase, passing through the rule of the late President Anwar Sadat «September 28, 1970 – October 6, 1981», and former President Hosni Mubarak. And then after the revolution of January 25, 2011, which overthrew the Mubarak regime, and then the rule of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Then made a comparison between The situation of women in all these stages, and their situation within the terrorist organisation “Daesh”, to encourage women to migrate to them.
The author accused Muhammad Ali Pasha “May 17, 1805 – March 2, 1848” of the injustice of women, because he was the first to take her out of her house by the pretext of urbanization and openness to the world. This led to the integration of women in education and work by the in “School of Health Midwives, School of teachers, textile factories”.
She also described the establishment of Refaa Al-Tahtawi of girls’ schools, providing them with educational courses, and calling for participation in the various fields of work, with “the words of the demons of humanity who justify women leaving their homes.” This reflects her ignorance of the Qur’an and the verses that urged reading and science, as the revelation of the Prophet of Islam began by saying, “Read.”
The Egyptian writer Qasim Amin, “December 1, 1863 – April 23, 1908,” received a large share of the attack of Umm Nusseibeh, as she rejects what she described as the attack on Islamic values. Since he said: “The veil of women is an obstacle to their participation in the intellectual, cultural and social renaissance.
Umm Nusseibeh’s attack also reaches the women’s activist Hoda Shaarawi, 23 June 1879-12 December 1947, who founded the Egyptian Women’s Intellectual Association in 1914. As Sharaawi demanded to amend the headscarf, restrict men’s right to divorce, raise the age of marriage and women’s participation in political work.
Umm Nusseibeh denounced what Saad Pasha Zaghloul (1858-1927) did when he removed the burqa from his wife’s face after returning from exile in 1921.
Umm Nusseibeh accused all of them of collaborating with others to work on the demolition of Muslim women.
The author reviewed a number of statements by a number of writers and journalists in this era; to justify their accusations of the demolition of women, such as: Ihsan Abdel Quddous, Anis Mansour and Taha Hussein. As their writings were the reason for the women of Egypt to abandon their hijab during the seventies, which began to witness the decline of these liberal ideas, with the return of the veil gradually through a simple head cover, to the appearance of niqab in Egyptian universities with the era of President Anwar Sadat.
Um Nusseibeh highlighted a number of laws and decrees issued during the Mubarak era; such as the ban on Female genital mutilation, and the law of khulu ‘, which allows women to take off their husbands, saying: “This law was treated with fraud and injustice against many husbands.” Then, appointing the first female judge in Egypt, which will be followed by appointing the first mayor, and was in the province of Assiut, which «Um Nusseibeh» considered unfair to women.
As for the January revolution, which witnessed a prominent participation of women, the author back the responsibility of this participation to the religious scientists who allowed women to go out on the street. Which was agreed to be allowed between the Islamic movements, citing the positions of the first martyr in Islam and “Asma bint Abi Bakr al-Siddiq”.
This was followed by the participation of women of Islamic streams in political work more than in the days of Mubarak, which is from the author’s point of view an injustice for women.
She criticized the situation of women in the era of the deposed president Mohamed Morsi. Pointing out that the participation of women in political work is part of the faith of the Muslim Brotherhood, and they were concerned with all women issues at the expense of veiled women’s issues.
She considered that this injustice to the veiled women was the cause of hundreds of reasons for which God destroyed the rule of Morsi and the Muslim Brotherhood, condemning the fullness of squares of women in protest against his isolation.
She concluded her book with a review of the situation of women within the areas where Daesh is controlling with their laws and rules. Such as imposing veil on girls by the age of 8, although the veil is not imposed on girls who are not adults yet. She also suggested that there should be a market for women only, where men do not enter in order to avoid mixing!
The author stressed that the women in Daesh train on the fighting if they want, following the female companions. Pointing out that women are not imprisoned, but they were put in a camp to learn about the religion, and then released, to participate in the fields of science and work, but not to mix. In addition to their work in the so-called «women’s Hesba», in which they change the evil.
Umm Nusseibeh said that women in the present era are being re-condemned by the so-called “Crusaders” and enemies of religion. Pointing out that the Europeans found in the elimination of the veil an important step in the elimination of the personality of Muslim peoples.