Amidst the escalation of violence the world and the media’s influence and persuasive power, the two parties have become mutually influential in the equation of aspiration for peace and security, and reducing the potential losses from terrorist attacks.
With the emergence of armed organizations, the attacks became not limited to a specific geographic scope linked to political and societal problems, but spread operations in different parts of the world, and were able to attract people with identical identities within them, and besides their development escalated on the other extreme right-wing groups.
In this negative momentum, the important role of the media in mitigating extremist polarization, modifying distorted ideologies, and presenting objective facts to dismantle the rumors underlying these intellectual currents, whether religious or ethnic, as well as the most prominent role in the management of terrorist crises, and how to deal with rumors It is associated with extreme incidents and dealing with developments as well as professional dealing with the circumstances of the incident, which is what the US media are discussing closely after the recent successive incidents.
The media is expected to strive to prevent young people from adopting extremist ideas, or to engage in bloody organizations. In this regard, a study entitled “Media and Terrorism”, published by the Croatian research center «hrcak», said that the media should not confuse meanings and address The issues of terrorism are professional, without focusing on the organization in a way that gives it a global reach; that is what the terrorist organization wants.
According to the paper, the media should be interested in spreading sound intellectual norms and passing the opportunity to terrorist groups to use these tools as free propaganda for the group’s ideology. The study argues that the majority of attacks are specifically carried out in order to draw international media attention As much as possible highlight.
The study pointed out that the goal of terrorists, is to appear in the most popular programs; in order to gain publicity and increase the promotion of their activities, and therefore must be very careful in addressing issues of an extreme dimension.
In the course of the attacks, the study emphasized the importance of dealing with rumors surrounding each terrorist operation. The speed of cooperation between governments and the communications media casts a shadow over the reduction of the risk of misinformation.
With regard to kidnappings and hostage-taking, the media is a very limited weapon in the possibility of promoting the strength of the organization versus the control of the state.
Another study by the US National Infrastructure Protection Center, entitled “Crisis Management for Terrorist Incidents,” said the media should adopt systematic and deliberate plans to deal with terrorist incidents, which should be central to its program, and should cooperate with police. All their data are received and, if it touches upon the national security affairs of the country, they are reserved and processed professionally so that the recipient is not affected by wrong data.
In this regard, researcher Howaida Mustafa published her book called “Media and Countering Terrorism: A Guide to Professional Practice.” A unified general diminishes the potential risks of terrorism, and noted in its manuscript that the presence of a network of correspondents near the flaming events, gives a more accurate picture of the attack and its consequences and denies rumors.